Principal languages: Arabic (official), English
Ethnicity/race: Asian (chiefly Indian, Pakistani, Filipino, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan). About 25% of the population have Iranian origin
Religions: Islam (100%), Sunni (85%) Shi'a (15%)
National Holiday: Independence Day, December 2
Literacy rate: 90% rank 159 out of 194
Economic summary: GDP/PPP $29,900. Real growth rate: 4.60%. Inflation: 4.3%. Unemployment: 4.20%. Arable land: 0.61%. $29,900 million Natural resources: natural gas, arable land, timber, coal. Exports: $15.9 billion (2009 est.): garments, jute and jute goods, leather, frozen fish and seafood (2001). Imports: $20.2 billion (2009 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs, petroleum products, cement (2000). Major trading partners: U.S., Germany, UK, France, Italy, India, China, Singapore, Kuwait, Japan, Hong Kong (2004).
Member of Commonwealth of Nations
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.825 million; mobile cellular: 11.727. Television broadcast stations: 72 Internet hosts: 337,804 Internet users: 3,604,065
Transportation: Railways: total: 74.6 km Waterways: 8,372 km; note: includes 2,635 km main cargo routes (2005). Ports and harbors: Chittagong, Mongla Port. Airports: 16 (2005).
Tourism in Dubai, part of the United Arab Emirates, is an important part of the Dubai government's strategy to maintain the flow of foreign cash into the emirate. Dubai's lure for tourists is based mainly on shopping, but also on its possession of other ancient and modern attractions. However, many tourists are unaware of the city's stringent Islamic laws. In 2011, 9 million tourists visited the city of Dubai.
Dubai has a modest dress code. Sleeveless tops and short dresses are not allowed at Dubai's malls. The dress code is part of Dubai's criminal law. Clothes are advised to be in appropriate lengths. Expats and tourists are not allowed to consume alcohol anywhere besides licensed venues or in private homes. Alcohol is allowed in licensed bars and hotel restaurants. Most restaurants in Dubai are not permitted to sell alcohol.
Tourist accommodation in Dubai is ubiquitous and relatively expensive, and all of the world's major chains are present in the city. In early August 2013, plans for Dubai's first underwater hotel the Water Discus Hotel were publicly revealed. Developed by Polish company Deep Ocean Technology, the Water Discus will be the world's largest hotel of its kind and will be in addition to two underwater suites in existence at Dubai's The Palm: Atlantis accommodation venue.